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pixdeluxe/iStock(LOS ANGELES) -- New research found that working mothers had a slower rate of memory decline and loss later in life compared to non-working mothers.

The research from a team at the University of California, Los Angeles, was presented at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference on Tuesday, and looked at over 6,000 American women born between the years 1935 through 1956.

The researchers asked the women to complete standardized memory tests every two years between the ages of around 55 to 80, and found that working mothers who are paid to work in young adulthood and midlife (whether single or married) had a slower rate of memory decline compared to non-working mothers.

Marriage played a comparatively smaller role in age-related memory decline compared to work, the researchers found.

The average memory performance for married women with children who never worked between the ages of 60 and 70 years old declined 61 percent faster compared to married mothers who participated in the paid labor force.

“We have to be crystal clear here. This is not about which one is harder. This is about possible different engagement in the brain, different parts of the brain that may exist when women leave the home and interact either with adults or work just in a different environment outside the home,” Dr. Jennifer Ashton, ABC News' chief medical correspondent said on Good Morning America explaining the study.

“A couple years ago, data in Australia showed that women who worked harder through their middle age actually had higher rates of cognitive decline,” she added. “So we have to caution: association does not prove cause and effect. We’re not saying which one is harder. We’re just saying that not only can you lead by example, show children that women can work, can financially contribute, but it might be good for the brain.”

Meanwhile, the average memory performance for women who experienced a prolonged period of single motherhood without working declined 83 percent faster between the ages of 60 and 70 years old, compared to married mothers who participated in the workforce, researchers found.

"Though preliminary, our research provides evidence that participation in the paid labor force may help prevent late-life memory decline among women in the United States. Possible pathways include mental stimulation, financial benefits, and social benefits," Elizabeth Rose Mayeda, PhD, MPH, assistant professor of epidemiology at UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, said in a statement.

"Future research should evaluate whether policies and programs that facilitate women’s full participation in the paid labor force are effective strategies to prevent memory decline," she added.

The research comes at a time when two-thirds of people living with Alzheimer's disease in the U.S. are women, according to the Alzheimer's Association.

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Alex Potemkin/iStock(NEW YORK) -- For today's youth, taking a selfie is like second nature. But their connections with social media may be skewing their view of their world.

Being a teenager is tough already -- is too much screen time making it tougher?

A new study shows frequent social media use and television viewing is linked to depression in teens.

Previous research has revealed increased rates of depression among teenagers, but researchers at the University of Montreal wanted to determine whether increased screen time could help explain the rise.

"If screen time changes and you see depression changing, you can begin to start considering whether it is a causal relationship," the study's lead author, Dr. Patricia Conrod, said in an interview with ABC News.

Researchers followed almost 4,000 Canadians aged 12 to 16 over four years. Every year, students completed a survey about the amount of time they'd spent in front of digital screens and the specific type of activity they had engaged in -- social media, television, video-gaming or computer use. Surveys also asked them to self-score their depressive symptoms.

Over the course of four years, as little as a one-hour annual increase in social media or television viewing was associated with more severe depressive symptoms and lower self-esteem.

The study didn't suggest all screens were a problem. Increasing video gaming and computer use was not associated with increases in depressive symptoms, most likely because these platforms are more interactive and are less likely to make teens directly compare themselves with others.

"Television and social media, more than any other types of media, expose young people to content and images that accentuates the unrealistically positive and idealized presentation of other young people," Conrod said. "Kids form unrealistic expectations of what is normal, which makes them feel like they are not measuring up."

For those in the study who were prone to higher levels of depression, as social media use went up, so did their symptoms. The relationship suggested a spiral, as teens who were more depressed were more likely to view content that validated their state of mind.

The algorithms of social media, in particular, send suggestions for similar content depending on what users have viewed before. Researchers said that could aggravate users' depression and increase feelings of hopelessness, leading to more offerings that depress them further -- possibly even to the point of suicidal ideation.

The solution? Rather than telling kids to avoid screens, researchers suggested teaching them how to be savvy digital users.

"Young people should be advised to be more critical of how they interpret the world and social norms on the basis of what they are exposed to," Conrod said.

Doctors at the American Academy of Pediatrics agree, suggesting that parents "treat media as you would any other environment in your child's life."

Here are their recommendations for parents:

Set limits. The same rules set in the real world should be set in the virtual world. Limit the time your kids spend online. Be knowledgeable about the apps and websites your children are using and what information they're accessing online.

Screen time should not equal alone time. Engage with your children when they are using screens. Offer to watch their television shows or play their video games. This way their screen time becomes a more social event, where you have the chance to discuss the content.

Technology should not be a reward. Screens are an easy way to calm your child or keep them quiet, but pacifying them with media is forming a very bad habit. Children should learn how to handle their emotions and manage boredom without the aid of a screen.

Find a balance. Kids will inevitably interact with screens as more schools provide children with tablets and computers in the classroom. Set a good example and teach your kids about the importance of privacy and the dangers of predators and sexting.

Listen to your kids. Ask your children how the digital content they consume makes them feel. Remind them that what they see online is not an accurate measure of reality, that someone may have taken 30 photos to post that one "candid" shot.

The bottom line: Teach your kids to use screens in a smart way.

Reading articles online, watching interesting videos, sharing pictures and memories with friends and family on social media can feed their curiosity, enrich their understanding of the world, and allow them to connect with others.

So before you store away the very screen you're using to read this article, talk to your kids about how their screen can be a tool for good.

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fizkes/iStock(LOS ANGELES) -- Un-wine with a yoga class that's all about adding a little flavor to the practice.

Vino Vinyasa Yoga, a unique studio in Los Angeles, New York City and Austin, Texas, offers the opportunity to mix yoga with wine tasting.

The first part of the experience is a 45-minute, all-levels yoga flow.

The yoga and wine educated instructors lead students through poses while also telling them facts about wine.

Then students move on to tasting different wines.

"Pretty much any grape you can imagine, we have a different class," said founder Morgan Perry. "So if you come back time and time again, you're always tasting a different wine and learning something new."

Perry says the classes take place at different venues. The one ABC News' Good Morning America visited took place at Hummingbird Nest Ranch near Los Angeles.

"Wine tasting is really, really mindful and yoga is obviously a mindful movement but they both require balance as well," Perry said. "You want balance in your wine, you don't want too much acidity or tannin or sugar and you need balance, obviously, for yoga."

"I think that together they're just really the perfect combination. They really complement each other very well," Perry said.

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Mollie Landman(MT. PLEASANT, Pa.) -- A Pennsylvania teen won't let a rare form of bone cancer stop him from saying "I do" to his high school sweetheart.

Brady Hunker says he was "instantly drawn" to Mollie Landman the moment he saw her in seventh grade at their school in Mt. Pleasant, Pennsylvania.

"My mom says I would come home and just say, 'Mollie this' and 'Mollie that,'" Hunker told ABC News' Good Morning America.

The couple officially started dating four years ago "and the rest is history," she added.

"Even before Brady's diagnosis, we were always seen as a very different couple because we were always seen as very big Christians and put God first," said Landman, whose father is a pastor.

They credit their faith for helping them remain positive when Hunker was diagnosed in July 2016 with Ewing sarcoma, a rare form of bone cancer, in his right leg.

"It was the size of a brick when they found it," he said.

Hunker began treatments at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. Landman stayed by his side through it all.

"I couldn’t think of anyone in the world at our age who would’ve been by my side and stuck with me through this,” he said.

Hunker's cancer went into remission for about a year but came back in March 2018 during his junior year of high school, "and it was pretty much everywhere."

The two began to have serious conversations about marriage when Hunker's cancer relapsed.

"You don't know what the future holds, so we just wanted to spend as much of that time together as we could," Hunker said.

The two got engaged at a Christian camp this past April.

"I thought it was really special," Landman said.

Due to Hunker's diagnosis, the couple wants to get married as soon as possible, but have limited funds to pay for a wedding.

Hunker created a campaign on GoFundMe to help raise money for some of the wedding costs.

"I want the love of my life to have the wedding she always dreamed of," the GoFundMe description reads.

The campaign went viral online and exceeded its goal of $15,000 in two months. Any extra money raised will help pay for their honeymoon and fulfill a "bucket list" of places the couple wants to visit.

"We never even dreamed that this page would’ve blown up the way it did and can’t even comprehend their generosity," Landman told GMA.

The couple plans to wed later this month, surrounded by their friends and family.

"I can't wait to take this next step together," Hunker said.

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Movus/iStock(NEW YORK) -- Nearly a year after the death of longtime senator and former presidential candidate John McCain, authorities are calling attention to the disease that claimed his life.

Last month, the U.S. Senate designated July 17 as Glioblastoma Awareness Day, under a resolution introduced by McCain's former Senate colleague and longtime friend Lindsey Graham.

The bipartisan resolution was supported by co-sponsors Mitch McConnell, Elizabeth Warren, Kyrsten Sinema, Martha McSally and Ed Markey, according to the National Brain Tumor Society, which championed the bipartisan effort.

The measure seeks to raise public awareness and leverage support for research and treatment of glioblastoma, which the NBTS calls the most common and aggressive form of brain cancer.

“The passage of the Glioblastoma Awareness Day resolution is an affirmation that national leaders understand the urgency for action to find a cure for this terrible disease, which impacts thousands of Americans from every walk of life each year," NBTS CEO David F. Arons said on the passage of the resolution.

McCain was diagnosed with glioblastoma in July 2017 and died after a year-long battle on Aug. 25, 2018.

His widow, Cindy McCain, joined daughter Meghan, co-host of ABC's The View, to discuss the fight against the disease on Wednesday's program.

"Thirteen thousand people are diagnosed with the cancer my dad died of a year," Meghan McCain said. "It’s a really horrific cancer that we’re all committed to fighting."

Dr. Will Garneau of Johns Hopkins Hospital offered the following information about glioblastoma at the time that Sen. McCain was diagnosed:

What is glioblastoma, and why is it dangerous?

Glioblastoma multiforme is a tumor that develops in the connective tissue of the brain, originating in brain cells called astrocytes. It is a relatively rare disease that doctors estimate strikes only 3 in 100,000 people. The cancer is most commonly found in patients older than 60. Unlike many other cancers, glioblastoma does not spread to other organs; instead, it remains in the brain, growing quickly and invading surrounding tissues. As the cancerous cells multiply, their growth affects the rest of the brain by compressing adjacent structures.

What are some of the common symptoms of glioblastoma?

People with this type of tumor can experience a range of symptoms, including headaches, nausea, difficulty with speech or vision, weakness and even seizures. Before diagnosis, if doctors suspect brain cancer, they order imaging of the brain using a CT scan or MRI to try to detect a mass. While the imaging may suggest the presence of a tumor, a conclusive diagnosis requires the removal of cells from the area of concern, which are then tested to see if they are cancerous.

What is the prognosis?

Currently, glioblastoma is considered an incurable form of cancer. While prognoses can vary among patients, depending on the features of each cancer and the patient’s functioning, the outlook is generally poor.

Studies show a median survival range of six to 14 months. (Median survival is the amount of time between diagnosis and the point when half of patients have died and half are alive.) A very small percentage of patients may live for several years after diagnosis. Patients’ baseline health and age are important predictors, as is their response to therapy.

Other factors that can influence the prognosis are the location of the cancer in the brain, the genetic profile of the tumor and the extent to which doctors are able to remove the tumor through surgery. There is no single prognosis for this cancer; individual cases differ dramatically, and approaches to treatment are highly personalized.

How is it treated?

After a diagnosis of glioblastoma has been confirmed, a team of doctors representing different specialties will formulate a plan for treatment, which usually involves surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. If it’s determined that surgery is appropriate, neurosurgeons will attempt to remove as much of the cancer as possible while preserving adjacent healthy brain tissue.

Because glioblastoma tends to infiltrate deeply into surrounding tissues, patients will have residual cancer cells after surgery, even with a “complete resection.”

For this reason, the next step in treatment often involves chemotherapy and radiation in order to eliminate the cancer cells not removed by surgery. This phase typically involves weeks of therapy to treat the remaining cancer, which may leave the patient very weak and at risk of complications. Patients may undergo repeat imaging of the brain to assess recurrence, as well as close monitoring with different specialists.

Decisions regarding the length -- as well as the types -- of treatment must balance the patient’s fitness to undergo such treatments against their effectiveness. Doctors often tailor therapy according to the patient’s tolerance.

There are new forms of therapy using the body’s immune cells, reprogrammed to attack cancer. The research behind these treatments is still in the initial stages, but so far, these immunotherapy treatments have shown some promise against other forms of cancer, such as melanoma.

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USFDA(ATLANTA) -- Ground bison meat has been linked to an E. coli outbreak in seven states, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Twenty-one people in Connecticut, Florida, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania have been infected with the E. coli O103 and O121 strains.

Eight of those people were hospitalized, but no deaths or cases of hemolytic uremic syndrome, a type of kidney failure, have been reported.

Interviews with the infected people determined that the source was likely meat produced on Feb. 22 and April 30 by Northfork Bison Distributions, Inc., in Quebec, Canada, which was recalled on Tuesday, according to a CDC food safety alert. Those who became sick reported eating bison at both restaurants and their home.

 

E. COLI OUTBREAK from ground bison: 21 illnesses in 7 states. Do not eat, sell, or serve recalled ground bison from Northfork Bison Distributions Inc. https://t.co/nrmfaWCDLE pic.twitter.com/967lB9twwg

— CDC (@CDCgov) July 17, 2019

 

The recalled meat was sold to distributors as ground bison and bison patties, referred to as Bison Burgers or Buffalo Burgers. Recalled ground bison was also sold to retailers in 4-ounce burger patties.

The CDC advised people who may have the recalled ground bison in their home to not consume it and throw it away or return it to the store for a refund.

"Even if some of the recalled patties have been eaten and no one got sick, do not eat them," the press release read.

In addition, the CDC recommended that consumers wash and sanitize places where recalled ground bison products were stored, including counter tops and refrigerators drawers or shelves, and also suggested that diners should request that bison burgers be cooked to an internal temperature of 160 degrees when ordering at a restaurant.

The CDC also also urged restaurants and retailers to check their freezers and storage for recalled products and to confirm with their suppliers that the ground bison they receive has not be recalled.

Symptoms of an E. coli infection include severe stomach cramps, diarrhea and and vomiting that usually lasts five to seven days. The ailments typically begin three to four days after swallowing the Shiga toxin-producing E. coli germ.

Those who experience symptoms should talk to their healthcare provider, write down what they are in the week prior to becoming sick, report their illness to the health department and assist public health investigators by answering questions about their illness.

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Kameleon007/iStock(NEW YORK) -- Children living in states with stricter gun laws have fewer gun-related deaths, according to a new study in Pediatrics. This was the first study to look at gun laws exclusively in relation to child deaths and it reveals an important association between the two.

“More than 10 children die from firearms every day, and another 50 are injured by firearms daily,” Dr. Monika Goyal, lead study author and an associate professor of pediatrics and emergency medicine, told ABC News. “This work is further contributing to the growing evidence that firearm legislation can be effective at reducing injury and death among children.”

When looking at the U.S. compared to other high-income countries, the study cites research that says the U.S. has both the highest rate of gun ownership and the weakest gun laws. Within the U.S., gun laws differ depending on the state.

The researchers looked at states that had universal background checks when buying guns or ammunition, or laws requiring gun identification. Universal background checks for gun purchasing were the most common laws seen across the country.

Overall, the study says 21,000 children died from guns between 2011 and 2015. Children were defined as anyone under the age of 21. There were 14,583 deaths for 18-21 year olds and 6,658 deaths in those younger than 18. States that had universal background checks in place for at least five years had a 35 percent lower rate of child gun deaths.

In response to previous medical research about guns in November 2018, the National Rifle Association of America tweeted that “self-important anti-gun doctors” should “stay in their lane.”

The NRA also sent a response to this study to ABC News. “Any social scientist worth their salt has to question a study that cherry picks a microscopic 5-year time window of data when there is more than 50 years of data available,” Lars Dalseide, an NRA spokesman, said in a statement. “They used an arbitrary (at best) metric to measure gun laws, and they included adults in a study about children suggests this study is more propaganda than scientific research.”

The Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence is a nonprofit that rates states on the strictness of their gun laws. For every 10-point increase in a gun law score across states, there was a 4 percent drop in gun-related deaths, after factoring in things like race/ethnicity, education, gun ownership and household income. The Brady Campaign scorecard began in 2011, which is why the study authors chose that year as a starting point.

Goyal said she would like to collaborate with the NRA on a different scorecard.

"As a pediatrician this is a nonpartisan issue for us," she said. "This is not a political debate for us. We’re trying to figure out how to keep kids safe.”

She continued, “I care for children through the age of 21 and sometimes up to the age of 25. From our perspective, 18, 19, 20 year olds are children. They are part of the pediatric continuum. This is the standard.”

The NRA maintains that it, too, is intent on the safety of our nation’s children.

“No organization in the world has done more to promote the safe and responsible use of firearms than the National Rifle Association," said Dalseide. "Thanks to initiatives like NRA’s Eddie Eagle GunSafe Program, the accidental firearm death rate among children has dropped almost 78% in the last 20 years."

Perhaps this can be an area of nonpartisan collaboration.

“Just as we have invested in rigorous scientific research for motor vehicle passenger safety in this country, which has in turn dramatically reduced the number of pediatric deaths from motor vehicle collisions. We must embrace the same evidence based strategies if we wish to curtail the firearm epidemic in this country,” said Goyal.

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TheCrimsonMonkey/iStock(HOUSTON) -- A Houston-based hummus company has recalled nearly 100 products over concerns of a possible Listeria contamination, the company announced.

Pita Pal Foods LP issued the voluntary recall on products made between May 30, 2019, and June 25, 2019, after the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes was found at one of the company's manufacturing facilities during a Food and Drug Administration inspection, according to a company statement issued Monday.

The Listeria monocytogenes was not found in any of the finished products, the company said.

The bacteria can cause listeriosis, a serious infection that can lead to death, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The infection is most likely to affect pregnant women and their newborns, adults 65 or older and people with weakened immune systems.

Around 1,600 people are infected with listeriosis each year and about 260 die, according to the CDC.

No illnesses were reported regarding the hummus products, Pita Pal Foods said. The products were distributed around the country and to the United Arab Emirates.

Anyone who purchased one of the recalled products is urged to return it for a full refund.

For a full list of recalled products, click here.

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Mountain Horse Farm(NAPLES, N.Y.) -- If you love to connect with canines, you'll probably also enjoy cuddling with cows.

The practice is fairly common in the Netherlands but far less so in the U.S.

Mountain Horse Farm, a bed and breakfast in upstate New York, may be the only place in the nation to bear hug bovine.

Owner Suzanne Vullers told Good Morning America that the inn has offered cow cuddling since soon after the cows arrived last spring.

The Naples, N.Y., farm has long offered horse therapy for its guests, but she only became aware of the similar therapeutic benefits of cows on a trip to her home country of the Netherlands.

"Cows lie down much more than horses," she said. "They get very quiet and soft. Just siting with them makes people go quiet too."

Vullers stressed that her inn is "not a petting zoo." All the animals, she said, are free to make a choice about when and how they want to interact.

Guests learn how to interact with the cows and how they prefer to be approached. "We teach them the best practices," Vullers said. "How to walk up to them, how they greet each other." She said that because the cows have the freedom to interact with humans or not, when they do it makes the connection much more genuine.

The experience happens once or twice a day and scheduling preference is given to guests of Mountain Horse Farm. Vullers said tt makes for ease of rescheduling should something, like the weather, disrupts the cuddle. The cost is $75 per hour for two people.

As for the feedback, "people can't stop smiling," Vullers told GMA. When people connect with the cows, "nothing else exists. They forget their cell phones, forget themselves and the problems they have. It's a really unique moment."

And while the cow cuddling experience is getting more popular, Vullers said the inn has no plans to change the way they do things.

"The most important thing is the well-being of the animals," she said. "Maybe they have to wait until next year. The guests just have to be patient."

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ABC News(NEW YORK) -- This summer as you hit the road, you might want to check out your car windows. The American Automobile Association (AAA) is out with a new report that says just knowing the type of windows you have in your car could save your life.

There are two main types of glass in a car: laminated and tempered glass.

Tempered glass fractures into small, less dangerous pieces in hopes of preventing serious injuries from sharp edges. Laminated glass is two or more panes of glass that are joined together by a layer of plastic and is harder to break and is meant to prevent ejections in an accident.

While most windshields are made of laminated glass, federal regulations permit side windows to be either laminated or tempered, and you may find either type in your side and rear window.

Dr. Gordon Giesbrecht, a physiologist at the University of Manitoba, studies extreme rescues and says the use of laminated windows in some cars’ side windows has some pluses and some minuses.

“They will certainly decrease the number of people being ejected," Giesbrecht told ABC News' Good Morning America. "But then the problem is if you ever are trapped in your car and you need to break a window, it’s very, very difficult.”

Good Morning America teamed up with Sargent Chris Lambert with the Indiana State Police to show the difference between the two glasses. GMA used two popular rescue tools -- the resqme and the Lifehammer -- and attempted to break windows made of tempered glass and laminated glass.

“One of the important reasons for [these tools] is for self-rescue," Lambert told ABC News' Will Reeve. "One of the myths that we have to dispel is the myth that as soon as an incident happens, there’s gonna be a police officer or a firefighter there to help them.”

First, GMA tried a car with tempered glass and used the resqme tool on the front driver’s side window and the Lifehammer on the front passenger window. Lambert said in each case the tool should be used in the lower corner of the window. With both tools, the glass instantly shattered into little pieces when struck, just as it’s intended, enabling an easy escape.

When GMA switched to laminated glass, it was a different story -- neither tool was able to shatter the windows despite repeated blows.

Manufacturers of the tools acknowledge that they will not work on laminated glass and are intended only for use on tempered glass.

Lifehammer previously did not note on its website that its product does not work on laminated glass, but after GMA reached out, they added that it “breaks non-laminated car glass.”

Resqme's website says its product “only works on tempered glass.”

“The device will work on tempered only and not laminated," Jessica Whitney, operations coordinator with resqme, told GMA. "So, it’s important to research what type of glass is in each of your windows and car so you will know the proper protocol to escape in an emergency.”

Even if your car has laminated glass in the front side windows, many times the back passenger and rear windows have tempered glass where these devices will work, Lambert noted.

Experts say it’s also important to remember that if you find yourself in an emergency situation before you even try breaking a window, unbuckle your seat belt and try to roll the window down to escape.

Lambert said the type of glass in a car shouldn’t influence your decision of which car to buy, but it should influence the way you have established your safety plan.

So, how do you know what type of windows you have?

It’s usually pretty simple to find out.

The corner of your car window will often include a label stating whether the glass is tempered or laminated. If the window does not have a label, you can check a list prepared by AAA which states whether the car was produced with laminated windows. You can also reach out to your manufacturer to find out what is in your car.

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HandmadePictures/iStock(NEW YORK) -- Sugar is addicting -- and science definitely agrees.

That's why decreasing your sugar intake or quitting it altogether can be very difficult.

Dr. Jennifer Ashton, ABC News' chief medical correspondent, says sugar can be found in much of what we eat. Although it makes those products taste good, they can increase your sugar intake above recommended amounts.

"Read those labels," Ashton said. "Turn everything that comes out of a package around and look at the sugar content."

According to the World Health Organization, women should have 25 grams of sugar a day and men should have 37 grams of sugar a day. For children, it varies depending on age.

Ashton sat down with Good Morning America to share five approaches to beat sugar cravings:

Tip 1: Quit cold turkey

There is scientific and nutritional evidence to support the fact that sugar addiction is the same, in terms of the brain's biochemistry, as addiction to cocaine, according to Ashton.

"How does one try to kick a cocaine habit? Cold turkey," she said. "So you can try that with sugar -- cold turkey."

Tip 2: A slow taper

Slowly removing sweet foods and drinks from your diet might be an easier approach.

"If you feel as though you are out of control or moody without your first soft drink of the day, or until you have a piece of chocolate, you need to consider slowly draining your system from that need for sugar," said Dr. Niket Sonpal, internist and gastroenterologist at Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine in New York City.

Sonpal said eating a piece of fruit is the best way to minimize your desire for sugar and recommends avoiding all processed sugars.

Tip 3: 5 Day/2 Day

The five-day, two-day approach is a way for people to look at their diet through a weekly lens.

In this strategy, you strictly avoid all added sugars from Monday through Friday. This means reading labels closely, avoiding sweet foods and drinks, and not adding sugar to your coffee or tea.

Once the weekend rolls around, people can relax the restrictions.

"Anything you do for five days is going to eventually have more of an impact than things you do for two days," Ashton said. "You'll start to lose weight because that is always a byproduct of cutting sugar."

The weight loss from the five-day, two-day approach serves as positive reinforcement for people to continue doing it more. It can start off as the five-day, two-day approach and eventually build up to six days or seven days until eventually you start to lose your craving for sweet foods and drinks.

Tip 4: Don't drink your calories

One drink that's high in calories can make up that day's sugar intake in no time.

Ashton recommends drinking calorie-free beverages such as water or seltzer. That doesn't mean you can't enjoy a summer cocktail or a glass of wine, but she said to be cautious about how many calories are in a drink and how many of those drinks you're consuming.

It's also important to rethink social behaviors that lead to drinking extra calories. Sonpal said many people have social rituals during the day to help de-stress from tasks and meetings such as going to a cafe with a coworker midday to get a sugary caffeinated iced drink. He recommends replacing that with something that is healthy and rewarding.

"Ask yourself a simple question before you eat or drink anything: What macro nutrient group does this belong to? Is it a protein? Is it a fat or is it a carb?" he said.

If the answer to that is carb, that means you are just ingesting more sugar.

Tip 5: It's not one size fits all

What might work for one person could work differently for another. For this reason, Ashton said people should find an approach that works best for them.

In doing so, it's important to be accountable to yourself. Pay close attention to what is being put in your body and how that's affecting it.

"You owe yourself the opportunity to be as healthy and as happy as you can be," Ashton said. "And if that means cutting sugar a little bit, go for it."

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Courtesy Visiting Nurse Service of New York(NEW YORK) -- Alelia Murphy just made history.

On July 6, while wearing a long, elegant yellow dress, white gloves and a tiara, she celebrated her 114th birthday, becoming the oldest living person in the United States.

Her historic accomplishment was celebrated alongside her family and friends and was verified by the Gerontology Research Group, a database that records the oldest humans in the world. Murphy had a simple piece of advice when asked the secret to living a long life.

"Treat people right," she said.

Her family said that, most of all, Murphy has loved spending time with them and valuing God, something her daughter attributes to her longevity.

"She always said God comes first," Murphy's 71-year-old daughter, Rose Green, said. "And I found that to be true."

Murphy's party was held at the Harlem State Office Building in New York, guests told ABC News. Guests said it was evident Murphy enjoyed the moment.

"She looked relaxed," Shana Harmongoff, an event planner for the party, said. "She didn't say much, but she was smiling."

Green said her mother has not lost her sense of humor.

"If you're around her, you're laughing all the time," Green said. "I'll be telling her, 'Mom, it's time to take the medication.' And she'll tell the aides, 'You take the medication, you take the medication.'"

Murphy was born on July 6, 1905, in North Carolina. This was just a few years before the first Model T automobile was introduced by Henry Ford, and just a couple years after the first silent movie was released. Green said her mom, who grew up living in the pre-civil rights era, had to drink from separate water fountains than her white peers and enter stores and restaurants through back doors.

"She always taught me to keep going, whatever happens," Green said.

Murphy held several jobs, from working in a hat factory to becoming a top seller of cosmetic products.

Murphy's visiting nurse, Natalia Mhlambiso, who works for the Visiting Nurse Service of New York, comes to Murphy's home in Harlem, where she lives with her granddaughter. Mhlambiso said processed food was not around when Murphy grew up in North Carolina, and that she continues to eat healthy to this day and never ventured into alcohol or drugs.

"She is where she is now because of what she did when she was young," Mhlambiso said.

Murphy maintains healthy blood pressure and has not experienced any heart problems -- an incredible feat for someone her age.

Those close to Murphy said she's still enjoying life.

"She is always smiling when I come in," Mhlambiso said. "She is still looking forward to go out."

 Still, she always speaks her mind.

"She will tell you when she has pain," Mhlambiso said. "[And] what makes her comfortable."

Murphy is only two years younger than the oldest man alive, Kane Tanaka, 116, who resides in Japan. She currently is the eighth-oldest person in the world, according to the Gerontology Research Group's ranking.

But many did not think a celebration at this age was possible.

"It's just a history unheard of," Mhlambiso said.

There may even be a more extravagant party for Murphy's 115th birthday.

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iStock(LORETTO, Tenn.) -- Police in Tennessee are warning residents against flushing drugs down the toilet in the event of a potential drug bust, saying that animals could ingest the substances and wreak havoc on the community.

When officers from the Loretto Police Department went to serve a search warrant on Saturday, they found the suspect, Andy Perry, allegedly attempting to flush meth and several pieces of drug paraphernalia down the toilet, according to police.

"He was unsuccessful," police said, adding that 24 fluid ounces of liquid meth and the paraphernalia were seized.

Police are advising those in possession of drugs from flushing them down the toilet because they will taint the nearby streams and retention ponds.

"Now our sewer guys take great pride in releasing water that is cleaner than what is in the creek, but they are not really prepared for meth," police said. "Ducks, geese, and other fowl frequent our treatment ponds and we shudder to think what one all hyped up on meth would do."

Loretta Police Chief Bobby Joe Killen told ABC News that while there have been no reports of wild animals on drugs in the area, the department decided to post the warning after seeing past reports of a squirrel that may have been fed meth in Alabama, and a python and other animals that were addicted to meth at an Australian prison.

"As far as I know, there's no methed-up gators being sighted anywhere," Killen said. "It's just a joke to let people know they don't need to be flushing their drugs of any kind down the sewer system. They need to dispose of it in a proper manner."

Killen said the police department often adds jokes to its public service announcements to help get the point across.

"We take our job seriously, but we like to joke amongst ourselves at the department," he said. "When you work eight, 10-hour shifts in our line of work, there are times when we like to laugh a little bit. Otherwise, you take you problems home."

Killen added, "I learned from my granddaddy, the more you smile, the more you laugh, the longer you live."

He's been with the department for 22 years and a chief for 29 years, he said.

Police said they'd help residents dispose of their drugs in a "proper way." In addition, prescription pills can be disposed of at the Loretto City Hall.

Perry was charged with possession of meth for resale, possession of drug paraphernalia and tampering with evidence, police said. Perry is still being held at the Lawrence County Jail, a representative from the jail told ABC News.

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LOVE_LIFE/iStock(NEW YORK) -- The The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS says Tuesday that while progress in reduconing the spread of HIV/AIDS and increasing access to treatment continues, the improvements have come more slowly than in past years.

A new report, released this week, shows mixed results. Some countries, the organization says, are making impressive gains in the fight against AIDS, while others are seeing new increases in HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths.

"We urgently need increased political leadership to end AIDS," UNAIDS Executive Director Gunilla Carlsson said in a press release. "Ending AIDS is possible if we focus on people, not diseases, create road maps for the people and locations being left behind, and take a human rights-based approach to reach people most affected by HIV."

The report also notes that 1.7 million people became newly infected with HIV in 2018. That figure was still 16 percent lower than in 2010. Much of the improvement has been located in eastern and southern Africa, UNAIDS says. While eastern Europe and central Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, and Latin America have all seen "worrying increases" in new infections.

UNAIDS notes that AIDS-related deaths have fallen by 33 percent since 2010. The figure for 2018 was down to 770,000 deaths.

Still, the agency says much more work remains to be done. "This starts with investing adequately and smartly and by looking at what's making some countries so successful," Carlsson said.

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@ZariaxHailey/Instagram(NEW YORK) -- Got books? These girls sure do.

Sisters Zaria, 13, and Hailey Willard, 8, from Dover, Delaware, are sharing their love for books with kids across the globe by hosting a live bedtime story session every night on social media.

The two share on their Facebook page, "We are already reading each night but we thought it may be beneficial for children who won't get that luxury."

"Sunday we go to the library and pick out books for the week," 13-year-old Zaria told ABC News' Good Morning America.

"We pick books with characters who look like us, because not a lot of kids see books with characters who look like us," she added. "We read at 8 p.m. and split it up."

"We like reading because sometimes people can't read themselves or they're young or their parents don't have time," Zaria said.

Hailey is a big fan of Dr. Seuss, whom she calls "funny and creative," and Green Eggs & Ham, Go Dog, Go and Are You My Mother? are her all-time favorites.

"Reading is good for you!" Haley told GMA.

An increasing success since February, mom Victoria Willard said that it took some convincing before she let the girls take to social media with their idea.

"Every night we just talked to each other until we fell asleep," Hailey said. "We begged our mom to let us read on Facebook to help other kids fall asleep."

"People are mean online," Willard admitted to GMA.

While she wanted to keep her precious bookworms safe, she started to think about the fact that her girls wanted to make a difference in the world.

"I couldn't hold them back from that," she said.

Willard finally said yes, but that the girls only do it on "mom's terms."

The Terms:

    •    No responding to messages or comments before mom sees them first.
    •    Certain people you can't follow back on social media.
    •    Abide by the household cellphone laws: No phones at the dinner table and no phones after 9 p.m.
    •    Don't let fame get to your head.

"I've been reading to them since they were in the womb," Willard told GMA. "My house is full of books."

Willard adds that it's been an incredible way for the girls to stay busy and occupied. Not only are they on summer break from school, but their father, who's in the Navy, can be gone for weeks at a time throughout the year.

The two sisters are soon-to-be authors as well as they are working on their own children's series.

"One is the writer and one is the illustrator ... it's about blended military families," Willard told GMA.

"Just be responsible" is Willard's charge for her bright young daughters, and when it comes to helping the girls understand how to handle their new-found fame, Willard wants them to keep up the work but also remind themselves to always be doing the right thing.

"Whatever happens," she said, "you still have chores to do."

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